Definitions

metal stampings -  a variety of sheet-metal forming manufacturing processes, such as punching using a machine press or stamping press, blanking, embossing, bending, flanging, and coining. This could be a single stage operation where every stroke of the press produce the desired form on the sheet metal part, or could occur through a series of stages. The process is usually carried out on sheet metal.

deep drawn parts - is a sheet metal forming process in which a sheet metal blank is radially drawn into a forming die by the mechanical action of a punch. It is thus a shape transformation process with material retention. The flange region (sheet metal in the die shoulder area) experiences a radial drawing stress and a tangential compressive stress due to the material retention property. These compressive stresses (hoop stresses) result in flange wrinkles (wrinkles of the first order). Wrinkles can be prevented by using a blank holder, the function of which is to facilitate controlled material flow into the die radius.

tools and dies -  Tool making typically make tooling used to produce products. Common tools include metal forming rolls, lathe bits, milling cutters, and form tools. Tool making may also include precision fixturing or machine tools used to manufacture, hold, or test products during their fabrication. Due to the unique nature of a tool maker's work, it is often necessary to fabricate custom tools or modify standard tools.

Die making is a subgenre of tool making that focuses on making and maintaining dies. This often includes making punches, dies, steel rule dies, and die sets. Precision is key in die making; punches and dies must maintain proper clearance to produce parts accurately, and it is often necessary to have die sets machined with tolerances of less than one thousandth of an inch. One person may be called upon for all of the above activities, and the skills and concepts involved overlap, which is why tool and die making is often viewed as one field.

Materials - such as aluminum, berylium, copper, copper nickel, inconel, kovar, molybdenum, monel, nickel, phosphorous bronze, stainless steel, tantalum, steel.

machine shop - is a collection of material-working processes in which power-driven machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, and drill presses, are used with a sharp cutting tool to mechanically cut the material to achieve the desired geometry.

production and custom machining -  a processes in which power-driven machine tools, such as lathes, milling machines, and drill presses, are used with a sharp cutting tool to mechanically cut the material to achieve the desired geometry. The three principal machining processes are classified as turning, drilling and milling. Other operations falling into miscellaneous categories include shaping, planing, boring, broaching and sawing.

CNC Turning Center -  Computer Numerical control (CNC) refers to the automation of machine tools that are operated by abstractly programmed commands encoded on a storage medium, as opposed to manually controlled via handwheels or levers, or mechanically automated via cams alone.

Progressive Die -  Progressive dies provide different stations for operations to be performed. A common practice is to move the material through the die so it is progressively modified at each station until the final operation ejects a finished part.

Compound Die -  A type of die that has the die block (matrix) mounted on a punch plate with perforators in the upper die with the inner punch mounted in the lower die set. An inverted type of blanking die that punches upwards, leaving the part sitting on the lower punch (after being shed from the upper matrix on the press return stroke) instead of blanking the part through. A compound die allows the cutting of internal and external part features on a single press stroke.

Secondary Die -  Operations are not limited to one specific die as some dies may incorporate multiple operation types requiring a "second die".

Assembly Die -  A type of die that is used in an operation to assemble one part to another.

Environmentally-friendly finishing -  Surface finishing is a broad range of industrial processes that alter the surface of a manufactured item for achieve a certain property. Finishing processes may be employed to: improve appearance, adhesion or wettability, solderability, corrosion resistance, tarnish resistance, chemical resistance, wear resistance, hardness, modify electrical conductivity, remove burrs and other surface flaws, and control the surface friction. An "Eco-friendly" finishing process is in compliance with Federal EPA and local requirements

degreasing with ultra-sonic cleansing - http://www.ultra-kool.com/

ISO 9001: 2000 certified -  ISO 9001:2000 combines the three standards 9001, 9002, and 9003 into one, called 9001. Design and development procedures are required only if a company does in fact engage in the creation of new products. The 2000 version sought to make a radical change in thinking by actually placing the concept of process management front and center (Process management was the monitoring and optimizing of a company's tasks and activities, instead of just inspecting the final product). The 2000 version also demands involvement by upper executives, in order to integrate quality into the business system and avoid delegation of quality functions to junior administrators. Another goal is to improve effectiveness via process performance metrics — numerical measurement of the effectiveness of tasks and activities. Expectations of continual process improvement and tracking customer satisfaction were made explicit.

The ISO 9000 standard is continually being revised by standing technical committees and advisory groups, who receive feedback from those professionals who are implementing the standard.

True JIT Capabilities -  is an inventory strategy that strives to improve a business's return on investment by reducing in-process inventory and associated carrying costs. To meet JIT objectives, the process relies on signals or Kanban (看板 Kanban?) between different points in the process, which tell production when to make the next part. Kanban are usually 'tickets' but can be simple visual signals, such as the presence or absence of a part on a shelf. Implemented correctly, JIT can dramatically improve a manufacturing organization's return on investment, quality, and efficiency.

Quick notice that stock depletion requires personnel to order new stock is critical to the inventory reduction at the center of JIT. This saves warehouse space and costs. However, the complete mechanism for making this work is often misunderstood.

For instance, its effective application cannot be independent of other key components of a lean system or it can, as its academic founder noted, ...end up with the opposite of the desired result.. In recent years manufacturers have continued to try to hone forecasting methods (such as applying a trailing 13 week average as a better predictor for JIT planning)[, however research of today's leading corporations demonstrates that basing JIT on the presumption of stability is UPC bar coding -  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Product_Code

woman-owned - A woman-owned business is a proprietorship, partnership, corporation or joint-venture that is 51% owned, operated and controlled by United States citizens that are female. http://www.wbenc.org/GetCertified/Default.aspx

precision metals stamping (see Metal Stampings above)

deep draw (see Deep Drawn above)

Blanking - is a shearing process where a punch and die are used to create a blank from sheet metal or a plate. The process and machinery are usually the same as that used in piercing, except that the piece being punched out in the piercing process is scrap.

Drawing - is a metalworking process which uses tensile forces to stretch metal.

Forming - a process involving the application of mechanical force at room temperature.

Machining - is not just one process; it is a group of processes. The common feature is the use of a cutting tool to form a chip that is removed from the workpart, called swarf. To perform the operation, relative motion is required between the tool and work. This relative motion is achieved in most machining operation by means of a primary motion, called cutting speed and a secondary motion called feed'. The shape of the tool and its penetration into the work surface, combined with these motions, produce the desired shape of the resulting work surface.

Notching - is a metal-cutting process used on sheetmetal or thin barstock, sometimes on angle sections or tube. A shearing or punching process is used in a press, so as to cut vertically down and perpendicular to the surface, working from the edge of a workpiece. Sometimes the goal is merely the notch itself, but usually this is a precursor to some other process: such as bending a corner in sheet or joining two tubes at a tee joint, notching one to fit closely to the other.

Curling - The curling operation is used to roll the material into a curved shape. A door hinge is an example of a part created by a curling die.

Coining - is used to manufacture parts for all industries and is commonly used when high relief or very fine features are required. For example, it is used to produce money (coins), medals, badges, buttons, precision-energy springs and precision parts with small or polished surface features.

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